It is the agreements that completely or partially prohibit a contracting party from asserting its rights to a contract are null and void in this regard. Any trade in enemies is contrary to public order. It is therefore illegal and not aeig. However, if a contract is concluded during the peace period and a war subsequently breaks out, one of the two things can lead to the suspension of the treaty or termination, depending on the intention of the parties. An agreement is not considered legal if it is contrary to public policy. The doctrine of public order is based on the maxim “ex turpi causa non oritur actio,” meaning that an agreement against public order would have no effect. The term “public policy” does not have a comprehensive definition of its fluctuating nature and is highly uncertain. The interpretation of public order is left to the discretion of the Tribunal. Contractual terms cannot be enforced even if they have been agreed by both parties, if they are contrary to public policy. If someone trades with enemies of the state, it will always be considered contrary to public order.
Contracts that involve the trade of enemies are illegal and are not enforced by the court. For example, a promise to compensate a company that prints and publishes a document for the consequences of any defamation it may publish in its document. Here, A`s promise could not be fulfilled if the company was forced to pay damages for defamation. Figure 1: A person `A` is convicted of murder. His friend “P” goes to court to reach an agreement to give order in favor of “A”. The same agreement is non-concluding. Example: A had committed a robbery and B had therefore initiated criminal proceedings against A. The charge against A. cannot be dropped because of his restoration of the stolen property. Example: one of them obtained a loan from a bank by mortgaged certain goods with a bank as collateral. Subsequently, it turned out that the goods were either fraudulently overvalued or withdrawn in agreement with bank employees.
Agreed to remedy the shortage by giving more goods than security in the form of assumptions. But there has been some delay in the commodity hypothesis.