Turkey first applied for membership of the European Economic Community (EEC) in July 1959, with the EEC established in 1958. The EEC responded by proposing the establishment of an association as an interim measure leading to full membership. This led to negotiations that culminated in the Ankara Agreement on 12 September 1963.  In July 2005, Turkey signed a protocol extending its customs union to EU-10 countries, but at the same time Ankara issued a statement stating that its signature did not mean that it recognised the Republic of Cyprus. Turkey has also refused to open its ports and airports in Cyprus. At their December 2004 summit, EU heads of state and government agreed to begin accession negotiations with Turkey on 3 October 2005. One of the conditions was for Ankara to extend a 1963 Association Agreement with the EU`s predecessor, the European Economic Community, to the ten new MEMBER States of the Union. This group also includes the Greek Cypriot state, which is not recognized by Turkey. He sees how everyone will lose because of the continuing division: the EU, Turkey, NATO and especially the Cypriots on both sides. The paper cites a study by the Oslo Peace Research Institute (PRIO) which states that the Cypriot economy, with a successful federalist regulation, would record an additional GDP growth of 10% in seven years. . “I didn`t expect that. I make no secret of the fact that this was one of the biggest political disappointments of my life,” he said.
However, he expressed the hope that the Cyprus talks would be concluded by February 2010 and insisted that Turkey sincerely endorse any new compromises. . The April 2009 parliamentary elections in northern Cyprus made a more nationalist government led by Prime Minister Dervi? Eroglu (National Unity Party). President Ali Talat is therefore in a less favourable position to continue the negotiation process with his southern counterpart. Presidential elections are scheduled for April 2010. Pending a comprehensive settlement, Turkey`s position on Cyprus remains unchanged. Turkey declares its readiness to establish relations with the new Partnership State, which will be the result of a comprehensive settlement in Cyprus. Verheugen expressed optimism that Cyprus could now move closer to a solution, given that peace talks are under way between the Greek side and the Turkish side.
In 1970, Turkey and the EEC agreed on an additional protocol to the agreement.  8) Today`s statement, along with the signature, puts this fact back on file. . In April 2004, Greek Cypriots refused and Turkish Cypriots approved in a referendum a single UN-backed plan, known as the Annan Plan. The failure of the plan disappointed EU officials who had agreed to allow Cyprus to join this year, in part in the hope that it would promote a solution to the Cyprus problem. In 1983, the northern part of the island, owned by Turkey, declared itself the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC).